being much greater than that of other contemporary civilisation. [10] [10] 2. [26], History, undoubtedly, remains one of the 'most popular' optional subjects among those who take the Civil Services Main Examination.

[10], Throughout our history, most civilizations have either met a slow demise or were wiped out by pelicula essay analysis carancho natural disasters or invasion. [7] Three biggest settlements Harappa, Mohenjodaro and Dholavira were the nucleus cities of the Indus civilization. [5] [5]

Rights Reserved. [15] Bring out the distinguishing features of culture and civilization. Based on these broad classifications, let us look at two major civilizations of India Indus Valley Civilization / The Harappan Civilization and Vedic Civilization. [10], The discovery of circular structures at the entrance of the valley, a unique feature of early Harappan days, has also been reported. [8] The Indus civilization belongs to the Protohistoric period since it represents a phase in which people had developed a script has not been deciphered. Question no. Leshnic studied the varying land use patterns on the Indus Alluvium;Menon, K.T.M.

[5], Analyze the elements of urban civilization in the Harappan Culture. [26] A marked feature of this ancient civilization was the vivid imagination and artistic sensibilities exuded by the numerous sculptures, seals, potteries. [7] Harappa was the first site excavated in the Indus valley civilization. Indus Valley Civilization people had contacts with West Asia and Central Asia. The question paper analysis of all the four GS Papers will give you a clear picture of the trend. [25] [15] The point is proved by the silt-clay that covers the collapsed houses at Mohenjo-Daro.

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Gopinath India Appeared Mains 2016 and 2017, Preparing for IAS,Worked in TCS - Hyderabad about 33 Months.Presently works as Political Consultant. A new study titled ‘Neoglacial climate anomalies and the Harappan metamorphosis’, conducted by an international team of scientists suggests that climate change may have led to the decline of the Indus Valley Civilisation..


Start Early by enrolling for 2019 History Optional Comprehensive Study Material cum Online Test Series with under the guidance of highest scorer of history optional in 2016 Mains (311 Marks). [5] [2] The Indus or the Harappan civilisation belongs to the Chalcolithic or Bronze Age since the objects of copper and stone were found at the various sites of this civilisation. It is the only Indus site where the remains of a horse have actually been found. [26] A major Indus Valley Civilisation site Rakhigarhi was declared one of the 10 most endangered heritage sites in Asia.

Among them are: Indus Valley was probably the largest prehistoric urban civilisation. Situated on the left bank of the Indus River about 50 km. While Mohenjodaro and Harappa are rightly regarded as principal cities of Indus Valley Civilization, there were several others, such as Rakhigarhi in Haryana and Ganweriwala in Pakistan's Punjab province, that match them both in size and importance. General Knowledge (GK) quiz/question-answers about major sites of the Indus Valley Civilisation helps candidates to test them, recall the facts, findings and details. State briefly the extent and striking features of the earlier civilization, if any. [15] Khan Yields two cultural phases’ pre-Harappan and Harappan civilisation. Post-independence section fetched 5 questions (50 marks) in 2013. [8] The only other Indus site where rice husk has been found is Rangpur near Ahmadabad. [6], The culture of Northern Baluchistan is termed as 'Zhob' culture after the sites in the Zhob valley, the chief among them being Rana Ghundai. The Indus people were smart and had ways to cope with climate. The cities of Indus civilization were well planned and built with baked bricks of equal sizes.


[5] It influences climate in the region on a large scale and is crucial for the prevalent of annual weather patterns. Indus Valley Civilization people disposed of the dead bodies in three forms. [14] [2] [7], It was a highly developed civilization and derived its name from the main rivers of that region- River Indus. [9], The perception of origins of Indus valley civilization was altered dramatically with the discovery of the extraordinary complex of culture sites on the Bolan river around Mehrgarh which was discovered and excavated under the direction of French Arhchaeologist J.F.Jarriage in 1975. The social life of Indus Civilization was that of a happy, satisfied society. [8]


In his ‘The Mythical Massacre at Mohenjo-Daro’ refuted Wheeler’s Theory of Invasion and argues that the skeletons found did not belong to the Harappan period and were burials of irreverent nature. The optional subject questions in UPSC tend to be repeated at an interval of certain years. Agriculture in Harappan Civilization - Lothal has evidence for the earliest cultivation of rice (1800 BC). [12] In one of the rooms of Buiding VII a Smll pot was found in situ which contained a Jewellery cache known as Allahadino Jewellery Hoard which is one of only five major hoards to be discovered from the entire Indus region.

Workmen’s quarters and clay figures of Mother Goddess are the main findings of Lothal site. [7], No temples are found in this civilization, But people worshipped Proto-Siva, Mother goddess, Ling, Yuni, and trees etc. Legal the essay on electoral system college essay writing help Short essay on town planning of harappan civilization food. Generally, UPSC asks the questions not directly but liked to ancient, medieval history of Indian and current affairs also. [9] The Mesopotamian records from about 2350 B.C. [12] It is also called as Indus civilisation because it refers to precisely the same cultural, chronological and geographic entity confined to the geographic bounds of the Indus valley.


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