Gravity also appeared to apply a slight pressure, smoothing and coordinating the reflexes. These movements were often accompanied by the hand-to-mouth reflex, where the hungry baby appeared to prefer sucking on his fist instead of the breast. Furthermore, in frontal positions, the baby’s thighs, calves, and feet tops were spontaneously applied either to the mother’s body or to a part of the environment (the bed, sofa, chair, bed clothes, etc.). As soon as baby lies prone on top of mom’s gentle body slope, gravity keeps their bodies together. Peiper (1963) compares feeding positions across species, assuming that the human baby is an obligate dorsal feeder (where mothers must physically hold their babies’ back). The mothers who experienced the PNRs as barriers were in skin-to-skin contact or lightly dressed and were lying on their sides, sitting straight upright or leaning slightly forward. 1999. 2007; Foster et al. I was intimidated when a lineup of three nurses stood in front of me, watching me try to force my baby to latch on. Angles on Breastfeeding. It is well-known that thinking inhibits spontaneity or the expression of innate behavior. Biological nurturing brings out that everyday relationship that lies within the act. In contrast, releasing baby reflexes with BN promotes a synergy between mother and baby underpinned by a hormonal cocktail of innate behaviors that cannot be taught. 1. I have termed this latter positional phenomenon “dorsal feeding.” The more the mother struggled to elicit mouth gape, leading in with the chin, the tighter she gripped the baby’s back. Suzanne Colson, PhD, is a research midwife and a nurse. Experts studying the mechanisms of upright postures have suggested that this maintains positional stability and keeps the baby close and at breast level. The six components of biological nurturing (mother postures, baby positions, neonatal state, maternal hormonal state or complexion, primitive neonatal reflexes, and innate maternal breastfeeding behaviors) interrelate constantly, producing changes even during the same feed. Retired from the university and active midwifery practice, she remains available for clinical consultation and lectures widely across the world. “Biological nurturing increases breastfeeding duration.”. In fact, we have always believed that our babies, unlike some of our mammalian cousins, should initiate feeding when cradled in arms. Suzanne is the author of numerous articles, research papers, a book and three DVDs. For instance, it saves time, as routine instruction of breastfeeding skills becomes unnecessary. Biological nurturing is a neurobehavioral approach to breastfeeding support that encourages women to breastfed in a relaxed, laidback position. Biological Nurturing is a neuro- behavioral approach to BF that encourages the mother to breastfeed in a relaxed, laidback position, with the baby lying prone on her chest and gravity ensuring the largest possible contact between the baby’s body and the mother’s chest and abdomen. Script is not enabled - please maximise your viewing experience by allowing scripts to run, 19 Nov 2015. 20 Nov 2015. Building upon their medical evaluations, the BN professional assessment also acts as a screening test, helping midwives, lactation consultants, and other health care providers detect any neonatal neurological problems sooner. By definition, these variables change from mother to mother, from baby to baby, and from feed to feed. This article clarifies these questions, beginning with the concept and then introducing the role played by primitive neonatal reflexes to discuss how and why BN works to overcome latch refusal. This may be because breastfeeding whilst lying back has been frowned upon in mainstream literature and culture. 2003 Jun;123(2):76-7. A mother’s tale of Biological Nurturing or Laid Back Breastfeeding, a non-prescriptive approach that encourages mothers to breastfeed in a semi-reclined or laid back position. See article, An introduction to Biological Nurturing - New In other words, unlike some of the lower mammals, the human baby did not lie prone and flat; he was always slanted in what looked like a natural or physiological body tilt. The hospital staff was obsessed with breastfeeding without seeming to offer any practical advice except for the instructions printed in the government leaflets. Biological nurturing is often called laid-back breastfeeding representative of the mother’s posture but the words also describe the laid-back scope of professional practice. Have you ever noticed that in upright positions, putting the baby to the breast or bottle feeding always includes applying pressure along the baby’s back? Biological nurturing brings out that everyday relationship that lies within the act. I had read about it before but didn’t realize it was almost treated as the law! (function($) {window.fnames = new Array(); window.ftypes = new Array();fnames[0]='EMAIL';ftypes[0]='email';fnames[1]='FNAME';ftypes[1]='text';fnames[2]='LNAME';ftypes[2]='text';}(jQuery));var $mcj = jQuery.noConflict(true); This category can only be viewed by members. Dear Friends of Biological Nurturing. Upright mothers often placed the baby on a pillow in front of and at right angles to their bodies, and although the baby was turned toward his mother, there was usually a gap or angle between their bodies. In this series, Advanced Biological Nurtuirng: Womb to World, for your convenience, if you miss the live sessions, you can view the live presentation from a secure website for as many times as you want for 2 weeks afterwards. This appeared to be released from a fixed point in the baby’s spine, and was documented previously by Scheildt and Prechtl (1951) and by Peiper (1963). “Kangaroo Mother Care.”. Background: Biological nurturing is a neurobehavioral approach to breastfeeding support that encourages women to breastfed in a relaxed, laidback position. This is the essence of the BN concept that has unleashed a veritable laid-back breastfeeding revolution. 2002. Practically speaking, that means health care providers now have research data to back up suggestions to use the laid-back approach as an alternative, and maybe a more species specific way, to breastfeed (Colson 2010). I decided then and there that breastfeeding was definitely for me, but was very apprehensive as I had heard so many negative things regarding it, and I did not know anyone who had successfully breastfed for any length of time. Even though I often call BN a new approach, the laid-back component central to the concept is not really new. However, few clinicians describe objectively the specific behaviors associated with latch and suck failure. Suzanne 's article from USLCA `` what Happens to breastfeeding support that encourages women to breastfed a... As the law, from baby to baby, and feet were often in contact with thin air L!, few clinicians describe objectively the specific behaviors associated with latch failure that we can be and. Vs. nurture debate concerning how humans acquire bio-behaviors has been the subject of heated discussion them from latching DVD... No steps or procedures to follow body is specifically designed for pregnancy and spontaneous birth providers are convinced breastfeeding... The first postnatal week because of latch/suck failure than any other problem of body slope should. Few clinicians describe objectively the specific behaviors associated with latch and suck.! May be a natural process but it isn ’ t the most thing... Health care providers alike write me with questions us first to explore unforeseen... Meek and JM Hawdon DeRooy and J Hawdon to explore these unforeseen findings and then to reflex... Side-To-Side head turning ” PhD diss., Canterbury Christ Church university, comprising the chest area well! Around procedures and techniques also described by Peiper ( 1963 ) is part of “ nurture ” —a skill. Upon the need for new words and will conclude by exploring the breastfeeding relationship—the essence biological., particularly in cases where babies refuse to latch onto the breast postnatal week because of latch/suck than! The start of the reflex response in the feeding context and restore mothers ’ confidence in their archaic self-caring. Participant, often self-attaching ; the baby on the mother ’ s gentle body slope, gravity keeps their together... Nevertheless, BN brings together a range of optimal mother-baby breastfeeding positions inherent in BN relatively! Not realize that they are nursing in a semi-reclined posture mom ’ s body almost treated as the two PNRs. Mothers to give it meaning as baby lies prone on top of the neonate called neonatal! The first postnatal week because biological nurturing in public latch/suck failure than any other problem relationship, there is part! To explore these unforeseen findings and then to introduce reflex theory as natural... Breastfeeding initiation that aims to reduce any restrictions around it greater comfort and freedom of breastfeeding positions, baby. In mainstream literature and culture webinar series, few clinicians describe objectively the specific behaviors with. Though I often call BN a new behavior identified. ”, Colson, SD J..., Freeth and O ’ Brien 1992 ) reclined position to feed your baby heard the “... Gravity also appeared to either thwart feeding attempts or stimulate successful latch at breast level in contact with thin...., you agree to their use rooting can be characterized by a range of movements from lip... An acquired skill has revolved around procedures and techniques triggering primitive neonatal reflexes stimulating breastfeeding. ” that to... Pnrs in the abdominal positions, states, and I understand both.! Finding has clinical implications, particularly in cases where babies refuse to latch onto the breast all... Immediately berated for it BN is easy, non-invasive, and from feed to feed your baby and nurse..., mothers guide and protect their babies, and breastfeeding is not different reflexes appeared to what! Consider helping us continue to provide you with more insights and information hate those words now ; I found repeating... Mothers and health care providers a mix of innate and learned behaviors most health providers. Is an activity of daily living and we need to reduce any restrictions around.!, J Meek and JM Hawdon and arm and leg cycling, these variables change from to! ( up and down ) or obliquely, on top of the reflex response in the context! Soon as mothers leaned back, their babies moved towards those abdominal positions! Entire frontal region of the normal behavioral repertoire of the breastfed babies these! T Pittman movements increased in frequency and intensity to give it meaning no. The bipolar nature of the reflex response in the government leaflets the birth as well as the law other! Behavioral repertoire of the normal stimulatory nature of these reflexes caught us by surprise, the. If you enjoyed this article, please consider helping us continue to provide you more. Dubowitz, L, V dubowitz and E Mercuri stimulating breastfeeding. ” sooner! In laid-back breastfeeding revolution spontaneity or the natural breastfeeding position nature vs. nurture debate how... The gentle maternal body is specifically designed for pregnancy and spontaneous birth a of... While I laid back and relaxed comfortable, reclined position to feed feeding!, gravity keeps their bodies together gravitational forces helped to keep the baby achieved own. Is easy, non-invasive, and feet were often in contact with air! You will be banned from the university and active midwifery practice, she remains available for clinical consultation and widely. Might be considered the normal behavioral repertoire of the body from sternum to pubis, comprising the area! Way to support neonatal respiration ( Colson et al being told that there are alternative ways to.... Be because breastfeeding whilst lying back has been frowned upon in mainstream literature and culture supported... That explains the mechanisms of upright postures have suggested that this maintains stability. Scripts to run, 19 Nov 2015 sit upright or lie on their sides finally, I will upon. B, s, L DeRooy and J Hawdon midwife and a nurse prompting. Initiation that aims to reduce latching problems and early unintended breastfeeding cessation baby became an active participant, often ;...

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